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    荧光材料物理特性对白光LED光输出冷热比的影响

    来源:zc9929.com 发布时间:2020-08-03 返回

        1. 引言

    安徽快3   BAIGUANGLED(WLED)SHIXINYIDAIGUTAILVSEGUANGYUAN,JUYOUJIENENGHUANBAO、XIAOTIJI、GAOGUANGXIAO、XINGNENGWENDINGDENGZHUDUOYOUDIAN。

    安徽快3   MUQIANWLEDYIPC/MCFANGSHISHIXIANBAIGUANGDELUJINGYOUSANTIAO:1)LANGUANGLEDXINPIAN+HUANGSEYINGGUANGFEN;2)ZIGUANGLEDXINPIAN+HONG+LV+LANSANJISEYINGGUANGFEN;3)LANGUANGLEDXINPIAN+LVGUANGLEDXINPIAN+HONGGUANGLEDXINPIAN。SHIXIANBAIGUANGDESANZHONGTUJINGZHONG,MUQIANYIJINGSHIXIANCHANYEHUA、ZUIJINGJISHIYONGDETUJINGSHILANGUANGLEDXINPIANTUFUHUANGSEYINGGUANGFEN,SHIYONGGAITUJINGDEWLEDDEGUANGXIAOGAODA250lm/W。SUIZHEZHAOMINGZHONGDUANCHANPINDESHICHANGJINGZHENGYUELAIYUEJILIEYIJIZHAOMINGDENGJUDESANREHUANJINGYUELAIYUECHA,LEDGUANGYUANYAOJUYOUGENGHAODEREDETEXINGCAINENGMANZUSHICHANGDEXUQIU。LEDGUANGYUANDEREDETEXINGTONGCHANGCAIYONGGUANGSHUCHULENGREBIBIAOZHENG。WLEDDEGUANGSHUCHULENGREBI,JILEDGUANGYUANGAOWENSHIDEGUANGDIANCANSHU(GUANGTONGLIANG)YUCHANGWENSHIGUANGDIANCANSHU(GUANGTONGLIANG)DEBIZHI,CAIYONGCIZHIBIAOKEYIYANZHENGLEDGUANGYUANREWENDINGXINGNENGDEYOULIE。

      ZAIWLEDGUANGYUANZHONG,YINGGUANGFENDUIBAIGUANGDESHIXIANQIDAOZHIGUANZHONGYAODEZUOYONG。YINGGUANGFENYIBANWEIWUJIFAGUANGCAILIAO,JUYOUYOUXUPAILIEDEJINGTIJIEGOU,QIWUHUAXINGNENGDEWENDINGXINGYUYIXIAYINSUYOUGUAN:CAIZHITIXI、LISANXISHU、FENJIAOXIANGRONGDU、FENTIXINGMAO。WLEDGUANGSHUCHULENGREBIDEYINGXIANGYINSUYUWLEDQIJIANCAILIAOYOUGUAN,YINGGUANGCAILIAOSHIQIANSHUQIJIANZHONGDEGUANJIANCAILIAO。YINGGUANGFENDEWULITEXING(CAIZHITIXI、LISANXISHU、FENJIAOXIANGRONGDU、FENTIXINGMAO)DUIWLEDGUANGSHUCHULENGREBIYINGXIANGDEYANJIUWEIYOUXIANGGUANBAODAO,TONGSHIJIEJUELEDGUANGYUANREDETEXINGDEWENTIYEXIANDEZHIGUANZHONGYAO,YINCITANTAOYINGGUANGFENWULITEXINGYUWLEDGUANGSHUCHULENGREBIDEGUANXIJUYOUSHIYONGYIYI,TONGSHIDUIHOUXUCHANPINSHEJIJUYOUYIDINGDEZHIDAOZUOYONG。

      2. 实验部分

    安徽快3   BENWENCAIYONGSMD 2835DEFENGZHUANGXINGSHI,LANGUANGXINPIAN,FASHEBODUANZAI450-455nm,MEIGELEDGUANGYUANYOU3KECHUANLIANDELEDXINPIAN,YINGGUANGFENFANGANYOUYAGHUANGSEYINGGUANGCAILIAO、DANHUAWUHONGSEYINGGUANGCAILIAOHEGa-YAG/LuAGHUANGLVSEYINGGUANGCAILIAOGOUCHENG。MEIZUSHIYANZHIGAIBIANHUANGLVFENDELEIXINGERGUDINGJIAOSHUIYONGLIANGHELINGWAILIANGZHONGYINGGUANGFENHANLIANG,BINGQIEMEIGELEDGUANGYUANJUYOUXIANGTONGDEDIANJIAOLIANG。HUANGSE、HONGSEHEHUANGLVSE3ZHONGYINGGUANGFENHEJIAOSHUIDEPEIBIWEIHUANGSE∶HONGSE∶HUANGLVSE∶JIAOSHUI=0.50∶0.15∶1.5∶1,XUANQU5GEXIANGTONGYINGGUANGFENPEIBIDEYANGPINJINXINGCESHI,CESHITIAOJIANWEIMAICHONGDIANLIU100 mA,CESHIWENDUDIANWEI25℃,50℃,75℃,85℃,95℃,105℃,QUGUANGTONGLIANGDEPINGJUNZHI。FENTICANSHUCESHISHEBEI:LIJINGCAIYONGJIGUANGLIDUFENXIYICESHI,RECUIMIEXINGNENG、JIFAFASHEGUANGPUCAIYONGFluoromax-4CESHI;KELISEMXINGMAOCAIYONGSAOMIAODIANZIXIANWEIJINGCESHI;FENGZHUANGSHEBEI:ASMGUJINGJI,ASMHANXIANJI,ZHENKONGTUOPAOJI,WUZANGDIANJIAOJI。FENGZHUANGCHENGPINGUANGDIANCANSHUCESHISHEBEI:YUANFANGJIFENQIUCESHIYI。

      3. 结果与讨论

    安徽快3   YINGGUANGFENYIBANWEIWUJICAILIAO,GENJUQIJIZHIFENLEI,CHANGYONGDETIXIYOULVSUANYAN、DANHUAWU/DANYANGHUAWU、GUISUANYAN、FUHUAWUDENG。TU1.1WEIBUTONGTIXIYINGGUANGFENDERECUIMIEXINGNENG,KEYIKANCHUJIZHONGTIXIDEFENTIZHONGLVSUANYANDEREWENDINGXINGZUIHAO,FUHUAWUHEGUISUANYANDEREWENDINGXINGJIAOCHA,DANHUAWUDEREWENDINGXINGBILVSUANYANCHADANYOUYUFUHUAWUHEGUISUANYAN。

      


    安徽快3   ♦ TU1.1 BUTONGTIXIYINGGUANGFENDERECUIMIEXINGNENG

    安徽快3   YINCIBENWENYILVSUANYANTIXIZUOWEIYANJIUDUIXIANG。LVSUANYANTIXIDEDIANXINGDAIBIAOWEIYAG,QIHUAXUESHIWEIY3Al5O12:Ce,JINGTIJIEGOUSHUYULIFANGJINGXI,JINGGECHANGSHUWEI1.2002nm,YAGDEJINGTIJIEGOURUTU1.2SUOSHI。CONGJINGTIJIEGOUKEYIKANCHU,ZAIY、AlHEOZUCHENGDEKONGJIANZHONGCUNZAISANZHONGDUOMIANTI,FENBIEWEI:SHIERMIANTI(TU1.2a)、BAMIANTI(TU1.2b)、SIMIANTI(TU1.2c),QIZHONGYANGYUANZIDEPEIWEISHUFENBIEWEI(Y33+)BAPEIWEI、(Al23+)LIUPEIWEI、(Al33+)SIPEIWEI。

      


      


    安徽快3   ♦ TU1.2YAGDEJINGTIJIEGOUSHIYITU

      3.1 荧光粉的材质对WLED光输出冷热比的影响

      BENSHIYANCAIYONGGa-YAGHELuAGHUANGLVFENWEIYANJIUDUIXIANG,Ga-YAGHELuAGTONGSHUYILVSHILIUSHIDEJINGTIJIEGOURUTU1.1,YILVSHILIUSHIDEHUAXUETONGSHIWEI:

    安徽快3   (RE1-rSmr)3(Al1-sGas)O12:Ce(1)SHI(1)ZHONG,RE=La,Lu,Y,Gd,Sc,0≤r<1,0≤s≤1。YIBANERYANGa-YAGYULuAGTONGSHUYULIFANGJINGXI,ZHISHIQIJINGBAOCANSHUCUNZAICHAYI,Ga-YAGSHIGa3+DUIAl3+DEBUFENQUDAI,ERLuAGSHILu3+DUIY3+DEWANQUANQUDAI,QILIZIBANJINGFENBIEWEI:rGa3+(BAPEIWEI)=0.69 Å,rY3+(BAPEIWEI)=1.04 Å,rAl3+(LIUPEIWEI)=0.62 Å,rLu3+(LIUPEIWEI)=1.001 Å[4]。JIEHELIZIBANJINGDEPIPEIDU,LILUNSHANGWANQUANQUDAIBIBUFENQUDAISUOXINGCHENGDEJINGTIJIEGOUDEREWENDINGXINGHUIGENGHAO。JIUCAILIAOJIAODUERYAN,CAILIAOBENSHENDEREWENDINGXINGKEYITONGGUORECUIMIEXINGNENGJINXINGBIAOZHENG。

      RUTU1.3SUOSHIWEIGRF-GHEGRF-LZHIJIANDEFENTIRECUIMIEXINGNENGDEGUANXI,KEYIKANCHU,SUIZHEWENDUDESHANGSHENGFENTIDELIANGDUSHUAIJIANCHENGXIANCHUXIAJIANGQUSHI,QIZHONGGRF-LDERECUIMIEXINGNENGYOUYUGRF-GDERECUIMIEXINGNENG。

      


    安徽快3   ♦ TU1.3 GRF-GHEGRF-LDERECUIMIEXINGNENG

    安徽快3 SHIYANZHONGGa-YAGHELuAGFENBIEWEIGRF-GHEGRF-L,QIDIANJINGXIADEXINGMAORUTU1.4,KEYIDECHUGRF-GHEGRF-LDEKELIXINGMAOJINSIYUANQIUZHUANG,QIBIAOMIANGUANGHUA。

      


      ♦ TU1.4ZUOTUHEYOUTUFENBIEWEIGRF-GHEGRF-LDESEMXINGMAO

    安徽快3   CAIYONGGRF-GHEGRF-LZUOWEIHUANGLVFENFENGZHUANGCHENG2835CHENGPINDENGZHU,CHENGPINDENGZHUDEGUANGTONGLIANGYUCESHIWENDUJIANDEBIANHUARUTU1.5SUOSHI,KEYIDECHUGUANGTONGLIANGDELENGREBISUIZHEWENDUDEZENGJIAZHUJIANXIAJIANG,ZAI85℃DEWLEDGUANGSHUCHULENGREBIGRF-LYOUYUGRF-G。

      


    安徽快3   ♦ TU1.5 GRF-GHEGRF-LDEWLEDGUANGSHUCHULENGREBI

      GRF-GHEGRF-LDEWLEDGUANGSHUCHULENGREBI,GRF-LBIGRF-GYAOHAO,ZHEIYUYINGGUANGCAILIAODERECUIMIEXINGNENGYIJIFENTIBENSHENDEJIEGOUYOUGUAN,YINCIBUTONGCAIZHIDEGUANGZHUANHUANCAILIAO(BUFENQUDAIYUWANQUANQUDAI)DUIWLEDGUANGSHUCHULENGREBICUNZAIYINGXIANG。

      3.2 荧光粉的离散系数对WLED光输出冷热比的影响

    安徽快3   LISANXISHUZHIDESHIYINGGUANGFENSHIYANGLIDUFENBUDEXIANGDUIKUANDUHUOBUJUNYUNDUDEDULIANG。QIDINGYIWEIFENBUKUANDUYUZHONGXINLIJINGDEBIZHI,QIZHONGFENBUKUANDUWEIBIANJIELIJINGDEYIZUTEZHENGLIJINGDECHAZHI,LISANXISHUYIBANCAIYONGRUXIABIAODASHI:

      S=(d90-d10)/d50 (2)[5]

    安徽快3   SHI(2)ZHONGSBIAOSHILISANXISHU,d10、d50、d90FENBIEWEIFENTIDETIJILEIJIFENBUZHONGDUIYING10%、50%、90%DEYINGGUANGFENDELIJING,DANWEIWEIum,QIZHONGd50BIAOSHIFENTIKELIDEZHONGWEILIJING。YIBANLAISHUO,SZHIYUEXIAOFENTIKELIDAXIAOFENBUYUEJIZHONG,DANWEITIJINEIKELIBIAOMIANDEQUEXIANSHUMUDATIXIANGTONG,QISHOUREXINGNENGWUCHAYIHUA,REWENDINGXINGNENGYUEHAO。BENSHIYANCAIYONGGRF-S、GRF-M、GRF-BZUOWEIHUANGLVFEN,FENBIEYUHUANGFENHEHONGFENDAPEIDAOXIANGTONGDEFANGANZHONGJINXINGFENGZHUANG,QIZHONGGRF-S、GRF-M、GRF-BDELISANXISHUSFENBIEWEI:0.925,1.125,1.325。TU1.6BIAOSHIBUTONGLISANXISHUDEGRF-S、GRF-M、GRF-BDERECUIMIEXINGNENG,KEYIKANCHUSUIZHEWENDUDESHENGGAO,QIYINGGUANGCAILIAODELIANGDUBUDUANSHUAIJIAN,QIZHONGGRF-BDESHUAIJIANFUDUZUIDA,GRF-MCIZHI,GRF-SZUIXIAO,SANZHEZHONGGRF-SDERECUIMIEXINGNENGZUIHAO。YINCICONGFENTIJIAODULAIKAN,LISANXISHUXIAODEQIRECUIMIEXINGNENGJIAOHAO,YUQIANSHUFENXIJIELUNYIZHI。

      


      ♦ TU1.6GRF-S、GRF-MHEGRF-BDERECUIMIEXINGNENG

      BENWENJIULISANXISHUDUIWLEDGUANGSHUCHULENGREBIDEYINGXIANGJINXINGYANJIU,CAIYONG2835DEFENGZHUANGXINGSHI,MUBIAOCANSHUWEIRa=80-82,CCT=3000K,CAIYONGXIANGTONGDEFENGZHUANGFANGAN,YANZHENGBUTONGLISANXISHUDUIWLEDGUANGSHUCHULENGREBIDEGUANXI,TU1.7BIAOSHIBUTONGLISANXISHUDEGRF-S、GRF-M、GRF-BDEWLEDGUANGSHUCHULENGREBIGUANXI,SUIZHEWENDUDESHENGGAOCHENGPINDENGZHUGUANGTONGLIANGDELENGRETAIBIZHIZAIBUDUANJIAOXIAO,GRF-S、GRF-M、GRF-BZAICHENGPINZHONGDESHUAIJIANFUDUGRF-BZUIDA,GRF-MCIZHI,GRF-SZUIXIAO,SHUOMINGGRF-SDEWLEDGUANGSHUCHULENGREBIZUIHAO,GRF-BDEWLEDGUANGSHUCHULENGREBIZUICHA,YINCIBUTONGDELISANXISHUDUIWLEDGUANGSHUCHULENGREBICUNZAIYINGXIANG,LISANXISHUYUEXIAOWLEDGUANGSHUCHULENGREBIYUEHAO。

      


      ♦ TU1.7 GRF-S、GRF-M、GRF-BDEWLEDGUANGSHUCHULENGREBIGUANXI

      3.3 粉胶相容度对WLED光输出冷热比的影响

      YINGGUANGFENHECHENGYIHOUWEILETIGAOCHANPINDEWENDINGXINGNENG,TONGCHANGHUICAIYONGYIDINGDEHOUCHULIGONGYI,LIRUERCICUIHUOCHULI、BAOFUGONGYIDENG,SHIYONGJIAODUODEWEIBAOFUGONGYI,SHIYONGDEBAOCAIWEISiO2DENGCAILIAO,DANJIBIANCAIYONGZHEIYANGDEGONGYI,WANGWANGQIREWENDINGXINGNENGTEBIESHIFANYINGZAIWLEDGUANGSHUCHULENGREBIZHONGHAISHIHUICHAQIANGRENYI。YIBANDANGYINGGUANGFENZAIFENGZHUANGGUOCHENGZHONGYUFENGZHUANGJIAOHUNHESHI,KENENGHUIZAIKELIBIAOMIANYUJIAOTIDEJIECHUMIANSHANGCUNZAIYIDINGDEKONGXI,LIMIANKENENGHANYOUWEIPAICHUQUDEKONGQI,ZHISHICHENGPINZAISHOURESHI,REWENDINGXINGNENGCUNZAIYINGXIANG,WEILEJIEJUECIWENTI。YOUXIANGGUANCHANGJIATICHULEYIZHONGQUANXINDEHOUCHULIGONGYI,TONGGUOYIDINGDEBAOFUSHOUDUANZAIYINGGUANGFENKELIBIAOMIANBAOHANYICENGTESHUDEWUZHI,JINGGUOTESHUCHULIHOUDEYINGGUANGFENFANGRUSHUIZHONGHUIXUNSUNINGJUCHENGYIGEDADEKELI,CONGERFANGZHISHUIFENJINRU,JINGGUOCIGONGYICHULIDEKELI,ZAIYUFENGZHUANGJIAOTIJIEHESHI,FENGZHUANGJIAOTIHUIJINMIDEBAOGUOZAIKELIDEBIAOMIANSHANG,BUCUNZAIYOUKONGXIDEWENTI,ZENGDAFENJIAOXIANGRONGDU,LILUNSHANGLAISHUO,KEYITISHENGWLEDGUANGSHUCHULENGREBI[6]。

      


      ♦ TU1.8 RF-GHECRF-GDERECUIMIEXINGNENG

      BENWENCAIYONG2835DEFENGZHUANGXINGSHI,MUBIAOCANSHUWEIRa=80-82,CCT=3000K,CAIYONGXIANGTONGDEFENGZHUANGFANGAN,YANZHENGGAISHANFENJIAOXIANGRONGDUYUWEIGAISHANFENJIAOXIANGRONGDUDEYINGGUANGFENDUIWLEDGUANGSHUCHULENGREBIDEYINGXIANG,QIANSHULIANGZHEFENBIEBIAOSHIWEICRF-GHERF-G。TU1.8BIAOSHIRF-GHECRF-GDERECUIMIEXINGNENG,KEYIKANCHUSUIZHEWENDUDESHENGGAOYINGGUANGFENDEFAGUANGLIANGDUCHENGXIANCHUBUDUANJIANGDIDEQUSHI,QIZHONGCRF-GDEDIJIANFUDUBIRF-GYAOXIAO,SHUOMINGJIUYINGGUANGFENBENSHENERYAN,CRF-GDEREWENDINGXINGYAOYOUYURF-G。

      


    安徽快3   ♦ TU1.9 RF-GHECRF-GDEWLEDGUANGSHUCHULENGREBIGUANXI

      BENWENJIUFENJIAOXIANGRONGDUDUIWLEDGUANGSHUCHULENGREBIDEYINGXIANG,CAIYONG2835DEFENGZHUANGXINGSHI,MUBIAOCANSHUWEIRa=80-82,CCT=3000K,CAIYONGXIANGTONGDEFENGZHUANGFANGAN,YANZHENGGAISHANFENJIAOXIANGRONGDUDEFENTIDUIWLEDGUANGSHUCHULENGREBIDEYINGXIANG,TU1.9BIAOSHIGAISHANDEFENJIAOXIANGRONGDUDECRF-GHEWEIGAISHANFENJIAOXIANGRONGDURF-GDEWLEDGUANGSHUCHULENGREBIDEGUANXI,SUIZHEWENDUDESHENGGAOCHENGPINDENGZHUGUANGTONGLIANGDEWLEDGUANGSHUCHULENGREBIZAIBUDUANJIAOXIAO,CRF-GHERF-GZAICHENGPINZHONGDESHUAIJIANFUDURF-GZUIDA,CRF-GCIZHI,SHUOMINGCRF-GDEWLEDGUANGSHUCHULENGREBIJIAOHAO,RF-GDEWLEDGUANGSHUCHULENGREBIJIAOCHA,YINCIFENJIAOXIANGRONGDUDUIWLEDGUANGSHUCHULENGREBICUNZAIYINGXIANG,JINGGUOGAISHANFENJIAOXIANGRONGDUDEYINGGUANGFENXIANGBIWEIGAISHANFENJIAOXIANGRONGDUDEYINGGUANGFENZAIWLEDGUANGSHUCHULENGREBIYAOHAO。

      3.4 荧光粉形貌对WLED光输出冷热比的影响

      YINGGUANGFENDEKELIXINGMAODEWANZHENGDU、GUANGHUADUDUIQIWENDINGXINGCUNZAIYIDINGDEYINGXIANG。ZAIGAOWENGUXIANGFADEHECHENGGONGYIZHONG,GUTAIFENTIZAIGAOWENGAOYAQITIBAOHUDEHUANJINGXIA,HUIFASHENGXIANGBIAN,YOUGUXIANGZHUANWEIGURONGTAICONGERFASHENGGUXIANGFANYING,ZUIZHONGZAIHECHENGWENDUHEZUIYOUDEHECHENGSHIJIANDETIAOJIANXIA,XINGCHENGXINDEGUXIANGJIEJINGTI,CIWUXIANGYAOJINGGUOPOSUIGONGYI,XINGCHENGYIDINGKELIDAXIAODEYINGGUANGFEN,POSUIGONGYIYIBANZAIQIUMOJIZHONGJINXING,YANZHANGPOSUISHIJIANHEZENGDAQIUMOZHUANSUZHISHIZUIXIAOKELIBIAOMIANCHANSHENGPOSUIHENJI、ZHANSHANGYIDINGDEPOSUIXIEHUOSHIKELIZHIJIEBEIPICHENGPIANZHUANG,SHIDEFENTIKELIXINGMAOWANZHENGDU、GUANGHUADUBUYI。TONGGUOFEIZHENGCHANGQIUMOPOSUIGONGYI,SHIYINGGUANGFENDEKELIXINGMAOWEIBUGUIZEHUOKELIBIAOMIANYOULIEHEN,RUTU2.0SUOSHIZUOTUWEIJINGGUOQIANGLIEQIUMOPOSUIDEYINGGUANGFENKELIXINGMAO,YOUTUWEIZHENGCHANGPOSUIGONGYIDEYINGGUANGFENDEKELIXINGMAO,TONGGUOQIANSHUFENXI,KEYITUIDUANQIANGLIEPOSUIXIANGBIZHENGCHANGPOSUIDEKELIDEREWENDINGXINGYAOHAO

      


    安徽快3   ♦ TU2.0ZUOTUHEYOUTUFENBIEWEIGRF-NHEGRF-VDESEMXINGMAO

    安徽快3   BENWENCAIYONG2835DEFENGZHUANGXINGSHI,MUBIAOCANSHUWEIRa=80-82,CCT=3000K,CAIYONGXIANGTONGDEFENGZHUANGFANGAN,YANZHENGJINGGUOQIANGLIEPOSUICHULIGONGYIYUZHENGCHANGPOSUICHULIDEYINGGUANGFENDUIWLEDGUANGSHUCHULENGREBIDEYINGXIANG,QIANSHULIANGZHEFENBIEBIAOSHIWEIGRF-NHEGRF-V。TU2.1BIAOSHIGRF-NHEGRF-VDERECUIMIEXINGNENG,KEYIKANCHUSUIZHEWENDUDESHENGGAOYINGGUANGFENDEFAGUANGLIANGDUCHENGXIANCHUBUDUANJIANGDIDEQUSHI,QIZHONGGRF-VDEDIJIANFUDUBIGRF-NYAOXIAO,SHUOMINGJIUYINGGUANGFENBENSHENERYAN,GRF-VDEREWENDINGXINGYAOYOUYUGRF-N。

      


      ♦ TU2.1 GRF-NHEGRF-VDERECUIMIEXINGNENG

    安徽快3   BENWENDUIQIANGLIEPOSUICHULIGONGYIYUZHENGCHANGPOSUICHULIGONGYIDUIWLEDGUANGSHUCHULENGREBIDEYINGXIANG,CAIYONG2835DEFENGZHUANGXINGSHI,MUBIAOCANSHUWEIRa=80-82,CCT=3000K,CAIYONGXIANGTONGDEFENGZHUANGFANGAN,YANZHENGQIANGLIEPOSUICHULIGONGYIYUZHENGCHANGPOSUICHULIDUILENGRETAIDEYINGXIANG,TU2.2BIAOSHIHOUCHULIGONGYIDECRF-NHEGRF-VDEWLEDGUANGSHUCHULENGREBIGUANXI,SUIZHEWENDUDESHENGGAOCHENGPINDENGZHUGUANGTONGLIANGDELENGRETAIBIZHIZAIBUDUANJIANXIAO,CRF-NHERF-VZAICHENGPINZHONGDESHUAIJIANFUDUGRF-NJIAODA,CRF-VCIZHI,SHUOMINGGRF-VDEWLEDGUANGSHUCHULENGREBIJIAOHAO,GRF-NDEWLEDGUANGSHUCHULENGREBIJIAOCHA,YINCIQIANGLIEPOSUICHULIGONGYIDUIWLEDGUANGSHUCHULENGREBICUNZAIYINGXIANG,JINGGUOQIANGLIEPOSUICHULIGONGYIDEYINGGUANGFENXIANGBIZHENGCHANGPOSUICHULIGONGYIDEYINGGUANGFENDEWLEDGUANGSHUCHULENGREBIYAOCHA。

      


      ♦ TU2.2 GRF-VHEGRF-NDEWLEDGUANGSHUCHULENGREBIDEGUANXI

      4 结论

    安徽快3   BENWENCAIYONGSMD 2835DEFENGZHUANGXINGSHI,CAIYONGBUTONGCAIZHIDEYINGGUANGFEN、BUTONGLISANXISHUDEYINGGUANGFEN、BUTONGFENJIAOXIANGRONGDUDEYINGGUANGFENYIJIBUTONGXINGMAODEYINGGUANGFENZUOWEIHUANGLVFENJINXINGFENGZHUANGSHIYAN,KEYIDECHURUXIAJIELUN:CAIYONGLUAGCAIZHI、XIAOLISANXISHU、JIAOHAOFENJIAOXIANGRONGDU、LIANGHAOKELIXINGMAODEYINGGUANGFENFENGZHUANGDELEDGUANGYUANDEGUANGSHUCHULENGREBIGENGJIA。

    安徽快3   YINCI,YINGGUANGFENDEWULITEXINGDUIWLEDGUANGSHUCHULENGREBICUNZAIYINGXIANG。CIYANJIUJIELUNZUOWEIFENTIGUANKONGHEYOUHUACHANPINDEYIJU。TONGSHIDUIWLEDDECHANPINSHEJIJUYOULILUNZHIDAOYIYIHESHIJIDECANKAOJIAZHI。

    安徽快3  

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